Many of you are out there considering making your own products but don’t know where to start. Some of you might even be wondering why would you make your own beauty products?? Go HERE for info on why. I remember when I started playing with the idea of replacing my facial products at my spa with homemade skin care. I was so overwhelmed! I wasn’t sure I could actually make quality products that my clients would approve of-after all facials are expensive! Today I’m writing my Beginner’s Guide to DIY Skin Care in the hopes I can clear up any trepidation you might have if you’re undecided on this hobby!
I started searching the internet for DIY recipes. Let me tell you, I tried A LOT of duds. Many recipes I ran into, while they were organic and clean, they were GREASY and/or lumpy!!! Plus, I was confused about preservatives-I knew you needed them to be safe but I just wasn’t sure if I could add them and still keep my products healthy.
I’m hoping this post will answer your questions and give you a place to start! I believe in making things as simple as possible so read on for my tips on making your own skin care.
Words to live by:
If you can’t eat it, don’t put it on your skin.
Basic Ingredients to Invest In:
Sweet Almond Oil-One of the absolute best carrier oils for anti aging. It is full of Vitamin E, which helps with nourishing and tightening. It is an affordable oil and has little to no smell. You can add this oil to any product that calls for a carrier oil-it is wonderful for just about every skin type!
Coconut Oil-Perfect for healing and calming. Anti fungal and antibacterial, it’s the perfect oil for salves. I love adding a tablespoon or 2 of coconut oil because it makes everything so much creamier! I don’t suggest using coconut oil on the skin. It isn’t the best moisturizer and could cause clogging.
Beeswax Pastiles-Beeswax is used when you need to thicken up oils. It will not blend water and oil together. I have tried several times. Beeswax is very beneficial for the skin and acts as a protective barrier allowing essential oils, butters and carrier oils to penetrate the skin. Always buy pastiles so you can measure with ease. I suggest staying away from white pastiles because they most likely have been bleached. Yellow is way more antural!
Emulsifying Wax-I don’t love using emulsifying wax because I feel it serves no beneficial purpose for the skin, but it is 100% necessary if you are making a lotion. It simply binds water and oil and allows them to thicken. The more you use, the thicker your cream. Be sure to purchase yours from Mountain Rose Herbs-theirs vegetable based and comes from naturally occurring fats and esters.
Vitamin E Oil-I add this antioxidant oil for it’s anti aging qualities, but I also like it because it will help preserve your products.
Rosehip Seed Oil-This is one of the most popular carrier oils that reduces the signs of aging. While it is a little more expensive, it is a great addition to your skin care ingredients. It makes creams incredibly silky while reducing sun spots and wrinkles! I even mix it with my powdered mineral make up for flawless coverage!
Citric Acid-Citric Acid actually lowers the pH of your product, making it more acidic. Bacteria does not grow as easily or rapidly in an acidic enviorment. Technically, citric acid is not a preservative but it does help prolong your shelf life. The citric acid I use comes from Mountain Rose Herbs-a company I trust to keep it real! Citric acid will typically be used in cleansers. Citric acid can not be used with the preservative Neodefend.
NeoDefend-NeoDefend is my preservative of choice. A preservative is very important in recipes that contain water because water is notorious for forming mold and bacteria. While pursuing beautiful skin, mold and bacteria are not a good thing! NeoDefend is very gentle for the skin, unlike typical preservatives. It is non-GMO and certified organic. Each recipe only takes a tiny bit, a little bit goes a long way.
Distilled Water-Always use distilled water in your lotion recipes. Because all the minerals are removed, it will help your cream from going bad so quickly.
Double Boilers-Translated a medium sized pot filled halfway with water and a glass pyrex bowl (like THIS) placed inside. This keeps your ingredients from getting too hot. When working with carrier oils you want to keep the heat at a minimum because heat will take away the benefits of your oils. If you are making lotions, you will need 2 double boilers.
Hand Held Blender-This is an absolute must when making lotions. They are so much better than blenders. Blenders tend to be a MESS to clean up and often create way too many air bubbles.
Measuring Cups and Spoons–any will do but you need a well labeled set.
pH strips-Knowing the pH of your water-based products is important-The higher the pH, the more bacteria. Plus, you want your products to be pH balanced as to not cause an in balance in your skin!
Thermometers-I use thermometers to monitor my water and oil mixtures when making a cream. When it is time to mix your mixtures together, you want to make sure the temps of both mixtures are similar to each other or they won’t properly mix. For added convenience and precision I have two thermometers, one for each mixture. It makes it so much easier and at $10 a pop, it’s not too costly.
Essential Oils can be what really boosts the results of your products. Essential oils can be daunting because there are so many of them and there are lots of opinions out there! Go HERE for my post on essential oils. I have 5 essential oils I recommend when using e.o’s in skin care.
- Lavender Essential Oil-I add Lavender to everything-not only does it smell incredible, it has anti inflammatory properties and is very calming,healing and nourishing. It is a universal oil, meaning every skin type can use it and benefit. It’s antibacterial and anti fungal qualities help to keep your products free from the yuckies!
- Geranium Essential Oil-Probably my favorite essential oil for skin, it helps even skin tone and increases circulation.
- Frankincense Essential Oil-works perfect in anti aging recipes. It firms, evens and nourishes. Plus, it’s so gentle. Perfect for every skin type.
- Peppermint Essential Oil-talk about a skin wake up call!! It helps brighten dull skin.
- Tea Tree Essential Oil-amazing for oilier skin types, it kills bacteria as well as prescription drugs but minus the side effects. I use it in my Skin Clearing Serum and as a spot treatment!
Not only do essential oils work hard to make your skin beautiful, most of them are also antibacterial and anti fungal. This is amazing prolonging the shelf life of your creation because the oils can help keep your product free from bacterial and fungus.
The more beeswax you use, the harder your salve/balm will be.
>>>For example, I like a medium-soft consistency with my lip balms and remedies like vapor rub and neosporin so I use 1/2 cup of oils/butters to 2 TBSP. of beeswax.
The more emulsifying wax you use, the thicker your cream will be.
>>>For the body-I use 2 heaping TBSP of wax to 6 TBSP. of oils/butters.
>>>For the face, I use 1 heaping TBSP. of wax to 6 TBSP. of oils/butters.
>>I always keep it simple and use 1 cup of water and 1/2 tsp. of neodefend to every cream. It’s easy to remember and it works.
Many DIYers insist that using a preservative is a must anytime you are creating anything that contains water. Water grows bacteria and fungus period. Mix it with other stuff or let a cup of water set out for a prolonged amount of time and you’ll have bacteria growth. The problem with using a preservative is that it is HARD to find one that isn’t hazardous to your health. In fact, probably the most well know toxic ingredient that many skin care products use are parabens. Parabens are preservatives!
There are a few natural alternatives that will help prolong your shelf life, but technically, they are not preservatives.
- Grapesfruit Seed Extract
- Vitamin E
- Essential Oils
- Citric Acid
I pay a lot of attention to ingredient labels. I am obsessed with the skin care line, Eminence. I trust that what they are using is above board and safe. They use a combo. of preservatives, sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate. These preservatives are pretty gentle and only work when the pH of the products is around 3-6. I did not choose these preservatives for my products only because I wanted something very easy to work with. Having to add 2 different preservatives to my creams to get full protection and then having to figure out the correct percentage was to iffy!
NeoDefend is my preservative of choice in my products. It is considered certified organic and non-gmo. It is antioxidant and very gentle to the skin. Those of you weary of using a preservative must remember that it only makes up .75-1% of your product. You can read more about and purchase NeoDefend HERE.
My opinion is that I would rather add a preservative that I have researched and deemed safe, then slather loads of bacteria on my skin. That would defeat the whole purpose of DIY Skin Care.
Remember-Products that don’t contain water don’t need a preservative. Salves and balms are the way to go if you’d like to avoid using a preservative and not have to worry about bacteria and fungus!
A Few Important Points….
- Always wash your hands before starting a recipe-DIY skin care is just like food-you don’t want to contaminate it.
- Never turn your stove above medium heat-Always use the minimum amount of heat to keep your oils potent.
- Salves and serums are much easier to make then lotions. The only point in making lotions is because the water acts as a “vehicle” for the oils to penetrate the skin quickly.
- I buy most of my bottles and jars HERE. Always shoot for glass containers. They are nicer and healthier. Essential oils really don’t like plastic!
- Always try to add your essential oils in at the very end. Heat renders them ineffective. Sometimes with salves/balms I will let them cool completely, add essential oils, then mix the salve/balm with a spoon. It gives your salves/balms a creamy consistency.
- Remember-if you can cook, you can make skin care. Let me revise that-because I’m not a great cook-if you can follow a recipe, you can make skin care.
When you are questioning the quality of DIY skin care, remember that most skin care companies are money making machines. They use fillers like water and mineral oil to make their products more profitable for themselves. Fragrances and parabens are detrimental to your health when you are using a plethora of products daily. Using organic carrier oils and high quality essential oils gives you amazingly healthy and effective products better than most “gimmicks” you can get at the cosmetic counter.
Making your own skin care is one way you can take charge of your own body. Don’t rely on doctors to tell you what you should be doing-The reality is, this is your body-no one else’s. Our bodies were made to thrive on pure, natural food and a clean non-toxic environment. We live in a time where cancer rates are higher then they have ever been-when will we stop and ask why? I urge women to stop putting money in the skin care industry’s pockets, they do not have your best interest in mind. You are in charge of your own body, inside and out.
For Skin Care recipes go HERE.
For Make Up recipes go HERE.
For Momma & Baby recipes go HERE.
Jump in there and make something-it’s so fun and if you screw up, WHO CARES. Trash it and get on with another recipe-I have trashed my fair share of “experiments”. You could say, it’s the only way I’ve learned what I know.
What a great post! I’ve been reading about DIY skin care for years and never came across these easy tips about beeswax and emulsifying wax. Thanks!
Jennifer-Thanks so much!
ohhhh Jenni thank for sharing this yipppeeee this is just what I needed to read today! Spring cleaning detox inside and out perfect 🙂
TeaJae-Thanks! I’m glad you liked it!
Awesome! I love beginner guides like this. Starting anything new and as involved as DIY skin care can be, can be completely overwhelming to the point where you don’t do anything. I’m still not sure I will ever get into making lotion – emulsifying wax, water, contaminants…. So when are you going to start an Etsy shop so I can buy some lotion!?
Kristina, Thanks! I already gave an Etsy shop-https://www.etsy.com/shop/JRainCloudOrganics?ref=si_shop
This is an awesome post! I’ve been looking at your blog and have recently started using your recipe for ACV hair rinse which is wonderful! I love reading your posts and thank you so much for posting your recipes, it is wonderful to find someone making skin care without using chemicals and it is very helpful when you are new to DIY skincare.
Jennifer-Thanks so much!
Estoy tan contenta de haberte encontrado, tengo la piel deshidratada y 42 años… Gasto mucho dinero en cremas y he decidido que empiezo a experimentar con tu ayuda. El aceite de coco ya esta en mi vida hace dos años y mi pelo estan muy agradecidos.
Muchas gracias por tu tiempo.
Saludos desde España.
This is FANTASTIC! I am ordering all my supplies. I have no idea where I will store all of this stuff. So far my cart in Amazon is totaling $180.85 and I still haven’t ordered all my oils. I have some at home but need plenty more. I placed my order with mountain rose yesterday. Thanks!
Martha-That’s great! You are going to have so much fun when it all comes in!!
First time I’ve posted, though I love, love your posts! This is AMAZING!! I’m new to this whole DIY thing and was literally trying to piece together a list of things to order based on some of your other posts when I saw this. The explanations makes total sense and just made my life a little easier. Thank you!!! BTW, you’re awesome!
Tosha-I’m so glad you like my posts!!! Thank you!
Thank you, Jenni. As an esthetician who is a bit behind you on the same journery, I am finally attempting to leave my very effective, “pharmeceutical grade” skin care routine in favor of something all natural. I have been dabbling in it for a while now, but knowing my skin, I have not been willing to let go of the protocol that has been the only thing to keep my skin beautiful looking for almost 10 years. Well, I’m taking the plunge. I am whole foods, dye and fragrance free etc… in almost everything in my home except my own skin care. Having great looking skin is too important to me to go for it with other products unless they actually work. Though I am skeptical, I am hopeful. I really enjoy your site and am hoping to report good news to you in a few months…
Hi Amber! I totally know how you feel! In our business, if we don’t have good skin, then it looks like we don’t know what we are doing! Since ditching my professional brands, I have learned that great skin is a lifestyle-it really makes a difference what kind of food you are eating and exercise. Most of the time, you can’t rely solely on a DIY product, all though I was finding this with chemical filled products as well. That being said, everyone is so different and I’ve had wonderful results myself and received moving testimonials from people that have seen their skin transform once they got rid of the chemicals. Good luck in your journey and please keep me posted!!!
Jenni, you are so awesome; you probably know that already but I just want to remind you. You are so giving with your hard-earned knowledge, and have such a refreshing approach and I greatly appreciate it. I am having such a good time making your recipes … who knew it could be so easy and so fun!! I started making soap this past December and really got into it, and now am interested in skin care after the bath. I’ve made numerous things, like body butters, lip balms, deodorants, eye serums, sunscreen, perfumes … so much fun to make and give to family and friends. It’s funny to see how amazed that are that I made these things. Just wanted to send you a note to let you know how much I appreciate reading your posts. – Alison
Alison-you are so sweet and encouraging! Thanks so much! I haven’t tackled soap making with much success. It’s on my list though! Glad you are enjoying diying!
Jenni, where would you recommend we get our jars?
Thank you so much for your generosity in sharing all your knowledge with us 🙂
Lisa, Hi! I use amazon, but I also love http://www.specialtybottle.com! Thanks!
Jenni I’m 56 and just embarking on this road to natural skin care. I made some body butter, found on the net, that I loved, but it was greasy. I was looking on the internet and was lucky to come across your site. Loving and enjoying all your informative information, can’t wait to try the lotion and the face serum. Thank you for all your hard work and sharing your findings.
This is such a helpful post, Jenni!! I’ve been making a lotion that calls for green tea and it keeps going bad. I presumed it was the tea but maybe it’s the water. I distill myvown water but Icthink I’ll just grab a gallon at the supermarket. If it weren’t forcthis informative article, I never would have questionedcwhether my water could be going bad.
You really make DIY skin care easy and fun!! Thank you so much for such a cool blog!!
Jodi!! Thank you so much! No matter what type of water you use, bacteria is going to be a problem. You have to have some sort of preservative unless you intend to make only about a weeks worth at a time. What preservative are you using? How fast is it going bad?
hi, Jenni. I just saw your response!! I didn’t come back to this post after I wrote it!!
I primarily use NeoDefend but think I was over-heating it! Now I add it during the cool down phase after nixing it with a little distiller water. It’s working much better! I also use Leucidal liquid for aqueous based products and I have Germall Plus but didn’t know it was a parsben when I got it. I just started testing my ph and I think that helped a lot.
I think that the NeoDefend or other preservatives don’t work as well if they are overheated. ?? Not sure but I’m having success putting them in a around 110 degrees once I combine and emulsify. Now my products aren’t going bad. Initially, they would break down and get moldy after a week. :(.
I changed some ingredients in your firming eye cream and use rose water and Rose essential oil mainly with geranium oil. It’s so amazing that Icuse it on my whole face and neck. I make it for everyone and am getting great feedback. It’s wild that you posted a recipe with rose water!! I really feel like I’m on the right track bc I started using it in recipes a few months ago.
I make a toner with rose water and witch hazel, and in that Icuse Leucidal liquid. Also use it in hyaluronic acid recipe I make with rose water. Lol.
I’m not sure what I was doing wrong previously but I think I was overheating the NeoDefend. I was using high heat and the water in my pots was boiling.
I checked off the email notification for comments since I missed the first one!! I apologize and thank you for any advice you were going to give!!!!
I love your blog and have tried and use a bunch of your recipes. I get comments all the time on how good my skin looks!! Thank you sooo much for sharing your knowledge! I LOVE thst my skin looks great since switching completely to all natural DIY products!
Jodi-Thanks for sharing!! I haven’t had an issue with my creams going bad with Neodefend but this makes me want to do some more research! Yes, I love using rose water and don’t know why I didn’t think of it sooner! It’s so great for the skin! Thanks so much for being so encouraging! I love feedback about how great your skin is doing on your own products!
CAUTION: Avoid using this preservative in formulations that contain either ascorbic acid or citric acid. There is evidence that a chemical bond between the ingredients in Neo-Defend and these two common acids can create a substance called benzene, which should be avoided in skin care.
Thanks. I really needed this. It is confusing, now I know where to start. Any suggestions to replace the lavender? I am allergic.
Marjo-Lavender is a basic oil that pretty much does it all but you can easily replace it with other oils such as Roman Chamomile for calming or Geranium for evening skin tone. It just kind of depends on what the DIY is and what you are looking to get out of it!
Jenni you are life saver. Thank you soo much…
Dhara-Ahh, thank you for reading!!
Just found you and am reading through and loving your posts. Thanks for going through so much trouble. One note: as a beekeeper, I can tell you that beeswax is not a chemical free ingredient. The cappings may have less chemicals. But there is no way to make bees only go to organic nectar producing plants. Organic honey must have a 2 mile radius from all sides of a beehive to be truly chemical free, as that’s how far they’ll travel. In short, beeswax, because it can be several years old and is recycled by the bees, can be extremely laden with pesticides, herbicides and fungicides that people apply to their lawns and gardens, as well as neighboring farms, depending on where it’s harvested.
Bee Still-Thank you so much for this info. It’s very interesting and I didn’t know!
I’m making my own infused oils to make my balms and I’m worried about bacterial growth. what kind of preservatives can I use ? can I use leucidal,citric acid or neodefend?
when making my oil and herb infusions I add vitamin E oil and use mostly dried herbs. I’m worried this wont be enough . should I just forget about infusing my own oils and just stick to using essential oils. at the moment I use a mix of herb infused oils and essential oils.
CETH-I’m not sure bacteria is an issue if you are buying your herbs. I’ll have to check into this though. Vitamin E will help and you could add some essential oils since they are antibacterial too. Let me do some more research!
Hi Jenni- I am making a product to be used intra-vaginally (personal lubricant) and externally (massage oil). What would you recommend as the best natural preservative for this? Rosemary Leaf Extract or C02 ext, or Vit E (or both)? Thank you so much!
Cupcake-Honestly-I have no idea. What kind of product is it? If it just contains oil then I wouldn’t not use a preservative. Oils don’t go bad for around 6 mos. If there is water included then a preservative is necessary but since it’s being used internally, I’m just not sure what is safe.
I was wondering if butters like Beeswax or Mango Butter have water in them. I would assume if there are trace amounts of water, then a preservative like neodefend would be needed for the product. If using mostly oils in the butter recipe then at what stage would the neodefend be introduced? Hmmmm….
Dave-butters contain no water. So if you’re making a balm using butters and oils, no preservative is necessary.
I m a teenager nd i want to start a korean skin care routine.i hv combination acnepron skin with Whitehead & blackheads.should i start a diy skin care routine or invest in normal products for better results.which would be beneficial?suggest me pls
Oithi-It sounds to me that you need to incorporate some exfoliation and clay to detox in your skin care. I would suggest looking into DIY clay masks to use weekly. Clay will pull out impurities and help with the blackheads and whiteheads. You can find clay on Amazon or I have a post HERE about where I get my clay. As far as cleansers, exfoliators and moisturizers go, I would suggest looking into Juice Beauty. They have a great line for combo skin and my favorite exfoliator-The Apple Peel. Not sure if you’re in the US but they are available on Amazon and in store at Ulta. Hope this helps!!
You mention using citric acid and Neodefend. Please caution your readers to never use Neodefend in formulations that contain either ascorbic acid or citric acid. There is evidence that a chemical bond between the ingredients in Neodefend and these acids can create a carcinogenic compound called benzene.
Melina-I will go back and check this post-it is old and I have since learned this and taken citric acid out of all my lotion recipes. Thanks for calling it to my attention!